Acta Palaeontologica Polonica

Crinoid and ostracod succession within the Early-Middle Frasnian interval in the Wietrznia quarry, Holy Cross Mountains, Poland

Edward Głuchowski, Jean-Georges Casier, and Ewa Olempska

Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 51 (4), 2006: 695-706

Early-Middle Frasnian ostracods and crinoids from Wietrznia in the Northern Kielce subregion of the Holy Cross area were analyzed. Twenty three ostracod species assigned to thirteen named genera, as well as eighteen crinoid species including the representatives of fifteen stem-based taxa were distinguished. For most of the species open nomenclature is applied. The composition of ostracod assemblage changes from moderately diverse in the lower part of the Palmatolepis transitans Zone to poorly diverse in its higher part. Lack of ostracods in the uppermost part of the Pa. transitans Zone and in the Palmatolepis punctata Zone is noted. The crinoid distribution pattern comprises the interval of relatively high diversity, interrupted in the uppermost part of the Pa. transitans Zone, and the interval of temporary recovery in the lower Pa. punctata Zone. Such distribution patterns point to deterioration of environmental conditions across the Early-Middle Frasnian transition, coinciding with a large-scale C-isotopic perturbation superimposed on intermittent, two-step eustatic sea level rise. On the other hand, impoverished, surviving crinoid faunas and absence of ostracods in the Pa. punctata Zone indicate the overall long-term deterioration of life conditions through the major C-isotope anomaly time span. However, this may also result from synsedimentary tectonic pulses, causing block movements and large-scale resedimentation phenomena on the northern slope of the Dyminy Reef during the basal Middle Frasnian sea level rise.

Key words: Crinoidea, Ostracoda, Frasnian, Holy Cross Mountains, Poland.

Edward Głuchowski, Wydział Nauk o Ziemi, Uniwersytet Śląski, ul. Będzińska 60, PL-41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland; Jean-Georges Casier, Département de Paléontologie, Section de Micropaléontologie-Paléobotanique, L-Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, rue Vautier, 29, B-1000 Bruxelles, Belgique; Ewa Olempska, Instytut Paleobiologii PAN, ul. Twarda 51/55, PL-00-818 Warszawa, Poland.

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