Acta Palaeontologica Polonica

Stromatoporoids from a Middle Devonian reef in South China and their palaeoecological implication

Jiayuan Huang, Kun Liang, Yue Wang, Stephen Kershaw, Juwan Jeon, Yue Li, and Wenkun Qie

Acta Palaeontologica Polonica in press
available online 21 Jul 2022 doi:https://doi.org/10.4202/app.00954.2021

Stromatoporoids are the major constructors of a Givetian (Middle Devonian) fossil reef in shallow marine facies, in the Jiwozhai Member of the Dushan Formation, at Dahekou, near Dushan, Guizhou Province, South China. Stromatoporoids, together with other reef building and dwelling components (rugose corals, tabulates, chaetetids and others), form a high diversity community, making the Jiwozhai reef a palaeobiodiversity hotspot. In this study 11 species belonging to nine genera and four orders are identified, including Gerronostromaria grossum (Clathrodictyida), Pseudotrupetostroma porosum, and Salairella buecheliensis (Stromatoporida), Clathrocoilona spissa, Stictostroma saginatum, and Synthetostroma actinostromoides (Stromatoporellida) and ?Habrostroma laminosum, Parallelopora sp., Stachyodes costulata, Stachyodes fasciculata and Stachyodes sp. (Syringostromatida). Among them, Clathrocoilona spissa and Gerronostromaria grossum are the most abundant stromatoporoid taxa. Stromatoporoid growth form, size, substrate and growth interruption are considered to be key autecological parameters to evaluate their growth behaviour and contribution in reef formation. Skeletons of laminar Clathrocoilona spissa are commonly smaller (up to 40 mm in basal dimension and less than 2 mm in thickness) than other stromatoporoid taxa and frequently encrusted on other organisms. In contrast, Gerronostromaria grossum dominates the assemblage, with its larger laminar growth form (up to 500 mm in basal dimension and 40 mm in thickness) expanding both on bioclastic and clay-rich micritic substrate and shows repeated growth interruptions, altogether evidence that this taxon was resilient to environmental pressure and may have pioneered the reef development. The variation of growth preference among stromatoporoid taxa therefore indicates a different growth strategy of each stromatoporoid in this reef environment.

Key words: Stromatoporoidea, reef, morphology, palaeoecology, Givetian, Guizhou, South China Block.

Jiayuan Huang [jyhuang@nigpas.ac.cn], Kun Liang [kliang@nigpas.ac.cn], Juwan Jeon [jjeon@nigpas.ac.cn], Yue Li [yueli@nigpas.ac.cn], and Wenkun Qie [wkqie@nigpas.ac.cn] (corresponding author), State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology and Center for Excellence in Life and Palaeoenvironment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), Beijing 100049, China. Yue Wang [gzyuewang@126.com], School of Resources and Environments, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550003, China. Stephen Kershaw [Stephen.Kershaw@brunel.ac.uk], Department of Life Sciences, Brunel University, Kingston Lane, Uxbridge UB8 3PH, UK; Earth Sciences Department, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD, UK.


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