Acta Palaeontologica Polonica

A new look at the Emsian (Early Devonian), sarcopterygian fishes from the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland, with a special reference to porolepiforms

Olga Wilk

Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 68 (2) 2023: 343-357 doi:10.4202/app.01044.2022

Sarcopterygian remains are relatively common in the so-called “Placoderm Sandstone” (storm-origin bone-bearing breccia) from the Emsian (Lower Devonian) of Podłazie in the Holy Cross Mountains (Poland). Previous studies have mainly referenced the presence of dipnomorphs, chiefly portrayed by porolepiforms and occurrences of dipnoans. Porolepiforms are represented by Porolepis ex gr. P. posnaniensis, based on scales, skull and shoulder-girdle elements, whereas other remains have been attributed to Heimenia sp. The aim of this paper is to present the most detailed description of the porolepiforms and other sarcopterygian fishes from the “Placoderm Sandstone” from the Holy Cross Mountains since 1960s. Here, I present a new study based on more than 200 specimens, using both microtomographic (CT-scan) and silicon casts analyses, which indicate that not two, but at least three different taxa of sarcopterygians occur in the “Placoderm Sandstone” from Podłazie. The new data presented herein depict a more diversified assemblage of sarcopterygians in the marginal-marine environment of the Lower Devonian of the Holy Cross Mountains than previously thought, and shed a new light on sarcopterygian diversity along the shores of the Old-Red continent.

Key words: Sarcopterygii, Porolepiformes, Placoderm Sandstone, Devonian, Holy Cross Mountains, Poland.

Olga Wilk [; ORCID:], Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw, al. Żwirki and Wigury 93, 02-089 Warszawa, Poland; Polish Geological Institute-National Research Institute, ul. Rakowiecka 4, 00-975 Warszawa, Poland.

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