Acta Palaeontologica Polonica

Early Cretaceous multituberculates from Mongolia and a comparison with Late Jurassic forms

Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska, Demberlyin Dashzeveg, and Boris A. Trofimov

Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 32 (1-2), 1987: 3-347

A collection of multituberculates consisting of 68 specimens (teeth or their fragments and jaw fragments) from the ?Aptian or Albian Khovboor Beds in the Gobi Desert is described. It contains four species: Eobaatar magnus gen. n., sp. n., and E. minor sp. n. (assigned to the Eobaataridae nov. in Taeniolabidoidea), Monobaatar mimicus gen. n., sp. n., (assigned to the family incertae sedis) and Arginbaatar dimitrievae Trofimov (assigned to the Arginbaataridae in ?Plagiaulacoidea). For E. magnus and A. dimitrievae upper and lower elements are matched, E. minor is based on lower teeth, M. mimicus on upper teeth. Both the Eobaataridae and Arginbaataridae have five upper and three lower premolars. Eobaataridae has lower incisor with limited enamel band and P4 parallel-sided with single basal cusp; it is in some respects intermediate between the Plagiaulacidae and Late Cretaceous Taeniolabidoidea. Arginbaataridae has lower incisor completely covered with enamel. It is highly specialized in the structure of P4, which is only partly covered with enamel and rotated during ontogeny; on the other hand, it retains primitive features: upper canine and double infraorbital foramen. Both the Eobaataridae and Arginbaataridae have gigantoprismatic enamel. If gigantoprismatic enamel made its appearance only once in multituberculate evlution, one should expect that both families share a common ancestor, which would be a plagiaulacid. Some Late Juramic and Early Cretaceous British and Late Jurassic North American multituberculates are figured for comparison. It is demonstrated that Ctenacodon has two infraorbital foramina. The systematic position of some Bolodon species is discussed.

Key words: Multituberculata, Mammalia, Cretaceous, Jurassic, Mongolia.

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