Acta Palaeontologica Polonica

Rugose corals and brachiopods across the Frasnian-Famennian boundary in central Hunan, South China

Xue-Ping Ma, Yuan-Lin Sun, Wei-Cheng Hao, and Wei-Hua Liao

Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 47 (2), 2002: 373-396

We present taxonomic revision of rugose corals and brachiopods from several Frasnian-Fammenian (F-F) boundary sections in central Hunan Province, China. Diversity of shallow-water rugose corals gradually increased during the Frasnian, but ended with sudden extinction near the end of Frasnian. Ostracods were abundant during the Frasnian; their extinction coincided with anoxic deposition of the end-Frasnian black shale deposits. The early Famennian ostracod fauna is of low diversity. The brachiopod fauna of the late Frasnian (Palmatolepis rhenana and Pa. linguiformis zones) is dominated by atrypids, small-sized cyrtospiriferids, and the rhynchonellid Hunanotoechia. All atrypids disappeared before the F-F boundary with highest rates of extinction below the boundary (probably low in the Pa. linguiformis Zone). The Frasnian cyrtospiriferid fauna is also of low diversity and dominated by small taxa. All but one of the cyrtospiriferid taxa crossed the F-F boundary. The early Famennian post-extinction recovery brachiopod fauna was the result of rapid radiation of new forms shortly after the terminal Frasnian event. The early Famennian fauna is characterized by diverse cyrtospiriferids, abundant Yunnanellina and productoids. Above the early recovery fauna another fauna was recovered, with brachiopods Hunanospirifer and Yunnanella and is correlated with the late or latest Pa. crepida Zone. Sinalosia rugosa gen. et sp. nov. (Productida) is erected.

Key words: Rugosa, Ostracoda, Brachiopoda, Frasnian, Famennian, extinction, Hunan, China.

Ma Xueping [], Sun Yuanlin[], and Hao Weicheng , Department of Geology, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; Liao Weihua [whliao@jlonline. com],Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008, China.

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