Acta Palaeontologica Polonica

Late Cretaceous sharks Cretoxyrhina and Cardabiodon from Montana, USA

Mikael Siverson and Johan Lindgren

Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 50 (2), 2005: 301-314

The middle part of the Cretaceous represents a time of high diversity and rapid rates of dental evolution in lamniform sharks. Several species had a very wide spatial distribution with recorded occurrences in both hemispheres. We have examined isolated teeth of Cretoxyrhina and Cardabiodon from eastern Russia, Mangyshlak in Kazakhstan and the Western Interior of the USA. The material indicates that samples of isolated teeth of the two genera have high potential in intercontinental correlation of the upper Albian to mid-Turonian interval in mid-palaeolatitude deposits, poor in other age-diagnostic fossil groups. The utilization of these lamniforms in mid-Cretaceous biostratigraphy is currently hampered by the nearly total absence in the literature of well illustrated, well dated and sufficiently large samples of isolated teeth of the two genera. As a first step towards the establishment of an intercontinental elasmobranch zonation for mid-Cretaceous strata in temperate palaeo-regions, we describe and illustrate samples of teeth of Cardabiodon venator sp. nov. and Cretoxyrhina mantelli from the lower middle Turonian Collignoniceras woollgari regulare Zone in the Fairport Member of the Carlile Shale in east-central Montana, USA. These samples could serve as reference points for future biostratigraphic studies of Cretoxyrhina and Cardabiodon. The extinction of Cretoxyrhina may be diachronous, as regional last appearance data range from the upper upper Santonian (Marsupites testudinarius Zone) in Western Australia to the uppermost lower Campanian (informal Belemnellocamax mammillatus zone; a lateral equivalent to the German Gonioteuthis quadrata gracilis/Belemnitella mucronata Zone) in southern Sweden.

Key words: Cardabiodon, Cretoxyrhina, Lamniformes, sharks, biostratigraphy, Cretaceous.

Mikael Siverson [], Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Western Australian Museum, Francis Street, Perth 6000, Western Australia; School of Earth and Geographical Sciences, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley 6009, Western Australia; Johan Lindgren [], Department of Geology, GeoBiosphere Science Centre, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, SE−223 62 Lund, Sweden.

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