Acta Palaeontologica Polonica

First ?cimolodontan multituberculate mammal from South America

Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska, Edgardo Ortiz-Jaureguizar, Carolina Vieytes, Rosendo Pascual, and Francisco J. Goin

Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 52 (2), 2007: 257-262

We describe a Cretaceous ?cimolodontan multituberculate p4 from South America, for which we erect the new genus and species Argentodites coloniensis. This new taxon is represented by an isolated ?left p4 from the Upper Cretaceous (?Campanian or Maastrichtian) La Colonia Formation of Patagonia (Fig. 1). It has a strongly convex anterior margin and prismatic enamel, which attest to its cimolodontan nature, while the previously known p4 (MACN-RN 975) from the Late Cretaceous Los Alamitos Formation is roughly rectangular, suggesting 'plagiaulacidan' affinity. The presence of normal prismatic enamel in Argentodites suggests similarities to Ptilodontoidea. However, it differs from the Late Cretaceous and Paleocene Laurasian cimolodontans (including Ptilodontoidea) in having a long, straight posterior margin, a nearly straight dorsal margin, characteristic of some 'Plagiaulacida', and in having the lingual side close to the mirror image of the labial side, the character that poses difficulties in establishing whether it is a right or left tooth. Because of these differences we assign Argentodites to ?Cimolodonta, tentatively only, superfamily and family incertae sedis.

Key words: Multituberculata, Cimolodonta, Cretaceous, La Colonia Formation, Argentina.

Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska, Instytut Paleobiologii PAN, ul. Twarda 51/55, PL-00-818 Warszawa, Poland; Edgardo Ortiz-Jaureguizar, LASBE, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo, Paseo del Bosque s/n, B1900FWA La Plata, Argentina; Carolina Vieytes, Rosendo Pascual [], and Francisco J. Goin, División Paleontología Vertebrados, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo, Paseo del Bosque s/n, B1900FWA La Plata, Argentina.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (for details please see, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.