Acta Palaeontologica Polonica

Unsuccessful predation on Middle Paleozoic plankton: Shell injury and anomalies in Devonian dacryoconarid tentaculites

Stanislava Berkyová, Jiří Frýda, and Pavel Lukes

Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 52 (2), 2007: 407-412

Anomalous development of shell ornamentation and repaired shell injury in the Early Devonian dacryoconarid tentaculites are documented and interpreted as either a repaired injury of the shell (evidence of unsuccessful predation obscured by recrystallization), or as a result of an anomalous function of the mantle, caused by injury of the soft body. The manner of shell repair, which resembles the way that some modern marine animals, such as mollusks, repair their shells, is discussed. The issue of phylogenetic affinities of tentaculites has been also outlined. These findings represent the first documentation of unsuccessful predation on the Middle Paleozoic plankton.

Key words: Tentaculitoidea, predation, shell repair, Devonian

Stanislava Berkyová, Charles University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geology and Paleontology, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague and Czech Geological Survey, Geologicka 6, 150 00 Prague, Czech Republic; Jiří Frýda, Czech Geological Survey, Geologicka 6, 150 00 Prague, Czech Republic ; Pavel Lukeš, Třebešovská 66/561, 193 00 Prague, Czech Republic.

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